Tuesday, 24 April 2012

Critically endangered species of India

Critically endangered is the highest risk category assigned by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) re d lIs t to wild species. There are  five quantitative criteria to determine whether a taxon is threatened. A taxon is  critically endangered when the best availabile evidence indicates that it meets any of the following criteria:
I.     Populations have declined or will decrease, by greater than 80% over the last 10 or three generations.
II.   Have a restricted geographical range.
III.  Small population size of less than 250 individuals and continuing decline at 25% in 3 years or one generation.
IV.   Very small or restricted population of fewer than 50 mature individuals.
V.    High probability of extinction in the wild.

As per the latest (2011) quantitative evaluation done by the International Union for  Conservation of Nature (IUCN) there are 57 critically endangered species of animals in India. A few of them (which I found relevant) are listed below.

Jerdon’s Courser
Sri Lankamaleshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra P.
Only in northern A.P.
Scrub jungle
Forest Owlet
Southern MP, NW  and N Central Maharashtra,
Dry Deciduous Forest
White bellied Heron
Assam, Arunachal P., Bhutan, Myanmar
Rivers with sand or gravel bars
White backed Vulture

All over India. A major threat to vultures is the painkiller diclofenac used by veterinarians to treat cattle.
Slender-billed Vulture

Long billed Vulture

Red-headed vulture

Bengal Florican- type of Bustard
Only in 3 countries: Cambodia, Nepal and India (UP, Assam, Arunachal P.)
Grasslands interspersed with scrubland
Siberian Crane
Keoladeo National Park, Raj.


Pygmy Hog (world’s smallest wild pig)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Andaman White-toothed Shrew, Jenkin’s Andaman Spiny Shrew, Nicobar white-tailed shrew (rats)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands. These are endemic to India

Namdapha Flying Squirrel
Found only in Namdapha Tiger Reserve (Arunachal P)

Malabar Civet

Western Ghats. Endemic to India.


National  Chambal Sanctuary(UP+MP+Raj)
Small populations in Son, Gandak, Hooghly and Ghagra Rivers
Clean rives with sand banks
Hawksbill Turtle
Nest in Andaman & Nicobar Islands and beaches of Tamil Nadu.

Leatherback Turtle (largest sea-turtle)

-Tropical and sub-tropical oceans.

Listed from a GoI report (2011)

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