Wednesday, 25 April 2012

Sanctuaries and Key Species

Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary (MP- largest sanctuary of state)
Indian Wolf
Hoolongapur Gibbon Sanctuary (Assam)
Hoolock Gibbons (India’s only gibbons) and Bengal Slow Loris (
Nelapattu  (Andhra P) – bird sanctuary
Pelican’s nesting ground. Also the sanctuary is India’s only freshwater swamp forest
Dibang Valley (Arunachal P
Mishmi Ginat flying squirrel was recently discovered here.
Changthang (J&K) – cold desert
Tibetan wild ass, Black-necked crane
Sathyamangalam (TN-largest sanctuary of state)- a significant corridor between eastern and western ghats
Tigers, Elephants (largest elephant numbers of India), also home to threatened vultures
Lion and wild ass
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (uttarakhand)
Himalayan Musk Deer
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
Tiger Reserve
Simlipal National Park (Orissa)
Tiger Reserve, Elephants and Gaur
Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary (Gujarat)
Chinkara. Also this has been identified by the Wildlife Institute of India for the possible reintroduction of Cheetah in India.
Ratapani Reserve (MP)
Tiger Reserve. One of the finest teak forests of India. Bhimbetka rock paintings are within this reserve
Pakhui Tiger Reserve (Arunachal P)
Tigers. This sanctuary adjoins the Sessa Orchid Sanctuary and Eaglenest Bird Sanctuary.
Satkosia Tiger Reserve (Orissa)
Kolleru Wildlife Sanctuary(Andhra P)- Kolleru Lake lies b/w Krishna and Godavari. A Ramsar site too.
Hosts migratory birds like pelicans, Siberian crane and painted story among others
National Chambal sanctuary (UP+MP+Raj)
Gharial, Ganges river dolphins, Red-crowned roof turtle
Rollapadu wildlife sanctuary (Andhra P)
Great Indian Bustard,
Askote Sanctuary (Uttarakhand)
Musk Deer
Melghat Sanctuary (Maharashtra)
Tiger Reserve (amongst the first 9 tiger reserves of the country)
Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary (Rajasthan)
Tiger Reserve
Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Reserve (Karnataka)
Tiger Reserve
Sri Venkateswara National Park (Andhra P)
Indian flying squirrel, Golden Gecko apart from Tigers etc
Dampa Tiger Reserve (Mizoram)
Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary (TN)
Bhadra Tiger Reserve (Kar)
Shenbagathoppu Wildlife Reserve (TN)
Grizzled Giant Squirrel. (also found in Chinnar Reserve of TN)
Periyar National Park and Wildlfe Sanctruary
Tigers, Elephants
Overa-Aru (J&K)
Hangul, Musk deer
Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
Lion-tailed Macaque
Manas National Park
Tiger, Pygmy Hog (found only in Manas), Golden Langur
Pong  Dam Sanctuary- Ramsar wetland site
Bar-headed Geese
Pamed Wild Buffalo Sanctuary (Chhatisgarh)
Wild Buffalo- whose numbers are feared to be below 1000
Udanti Wild Buffalo sanctuary (Chhatisgarh)
Wild Buffalo
Jaldapara Sanctuary (WB)
Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros (has largest numbes of rhinos in WB)
Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary (Punjab)- private sanctuary spread across Bishnoi villages
Black Buck
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary (TN)
A Crocodile farm, set up in 1977 at Neyyar, is home to 44 mugger crocodiles. The Steve Irwin Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre was inaugurated at Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in May 2007
Bhitarkanika Sanctuary (Orissa)- Ramsar site (comprises Bhitarkaanika, Gahirmatha & Kalibhanjadian)
Saltwater Crocodiles (largest population in India). Also largest contiguous mangrove forest of India. 'Baga Gahan' is a monsoon activity which sees nesting of thousands of aquatic birds together.
Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary (Orissa)
Nesting beach for Olive Ridley Turtles.
Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary (Sikkim)
Rhododendron flowers
Fambhong Lho sanctuary (Sikkim)
Himalayan black bear, red panda, civets
Harike Wetland- Ramsar site
Bird sanctuary
Ken Gharial Sanctuary ((MP)- near Panna; b/w Ken and Khudar rivers
Gharial Sanctuary .
Deepor Beel lake –(Assam)- Ramsar site
Bird sanctuary
Pobitora wildlife Sanctuary (Assam)
Ghataprabha Sanctuary (Kar)
Demoiselle cranes, European white stork
Mahananda wildlife sanctuary (WB)
Indian Bison, Tiger
Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary (TN)
Blackbuck Antelope. It is southernmost area where blackcuck exists naturally.

Desert National Park (Jaisalmer, Raj)- one of the largest national parks of India. Excellent example of Thar ecosystem
Great Indian Bustard, Migratory Birds, Blackbuck,  Also has fossils of dinosaurs.
Gulf of Mannar National Park (core area of Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve)- comprises estuaries, mudflats, mangroves, coral reefs, salt marshes,
Dugong (marine mammal looks like a sea cow, is the flagship mammal of the park), Green Turtles, Olive Ridley Turtles are vulnerable species of the area.
Keibul Lamjao National Park (the largest phumdi of the Loktak Lake in Manipur).  Loktak lake is the largest freshwater lake of NE India. It is also called the only Floating Lake of the world (because of floating phumdism which are decomposed plant materials). Loktak Lake is a Ramsar site.
Sangai (dancing deer/ Eld’s Deer/Brow-antlered Deer) is the flagship species of the park.
Hokersar wetland (J&K)
Migratory birds from Siberia etc
Dachigam National Park (J&K)
Hangul (Kashmir Stag) most famous species of this park.
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary (Pune, MH)
Indian Giant Squirrel (its conservation is the main focus of the sanctuary)
Katepurna Sanctuary (Akola, MH)
Four-horned antelope and Barking Deer
Naigaon Peacock Sanctuary (Beed, MH)
Peacock conservation.
Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary (Haryana)- Shivalik foothills
Bird sactuary
Rajaji National Park (uttarakhand)- shivalik foothills
Tigers, Elephants (largest number of elephants in state)
Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary (Sirmour, HP)
Sambhar, Chital- deers. Also has dense Sal forest.
Shoolpaneshwar (Guj)
Dumkhal/Sloth Bears

Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary (AP)
Marsh Crocodiles/ Muggermach
Sri Lankamalleswar Sanctuary (AP)
Jerdon’s Courser
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (Bhagalpur,Bihar)
Only sanctuary for Gangetic Dolphins. They have been noted as the National Aquatic Animal of India
Gulf of Kutch Marine National Park
Dugong, Finless Porpoise, Corals
Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary- Little Rann of Kutch
Indian Wild Ass
Hokera wetland (Jhelum Basin, J&K) –Ramsar site

Tso Moriri wetland (J&K)- Ramsar site
Only breeding ground for Bar-headed Geese in India
Silent Valley National Park (Palakkad,Kerala)- core of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgirir Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Nilgiri Tahr (goat family)
Jorepokhri Wildlife Sanctuary (Darjeeling,WB)
Himalayan Newt/ Salamander
National Park for Clouded Leopard (Tripura)
Only sanctuary for Clouded Leopard in the country
Baghmara Pitcher Plant Sanctuary (Meghalaya)
For conservation of Pitcher Plant
Chilka Bird Sancturay (Orissa)                                       Siberian migratory birds, Errawadi river dolphin


No comments:

Post a Comment