Saturday, 26 January 2013

Facts about Congress' Foundation in 1885

  • The significance of A.O. Hume’s involvement was to remove official hostility.
  • The first Session at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Mumbai.
  • The first president was Womesh Chandra Bannerjee of Bengal.
  • It was attended by 100 men of whom 72 were non-officials and were recongnised as members.
  • The founder members were PherozshahMehta, Badruddin Tayabji, W.C. Banerjee, Romesh Chandra Dutt, Dadabhai Naroji etc.
  • Initially it was named Indian National Union.
  • The name Indian National Congress was on the suggestion of Dadabhai Nauroji.
  • Earlier Poona was selected for the venue, but it had to be shifted to Mumbai because of the outbreak of Cholera in Poona.
  • The Governor-General of India at the time of its foundation was Lord Dufferin.
  • Among the classes, the educated middle class had the largest share in the beginning.
  • The legal profession was most heavily represented among the professions.
  • The Brahmins among the castes were comparatively large in number.
  • Among the provinces, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai took the leading part.
  • Landed classes and the masses were absent.
  • Foundation of “British Committee of the Congress” in 1889 by Dada Bhai Nauroji, A.O. Hume and William Wedderburn to influence British Public opinion at London.
  • Dada Bhai started the journal ‘India’ in 1890.i


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