Tuesday, 13 March 2012

History Quiz 1

Hello Friends,

Since I have reoriented myself towards prelim prep, I will not be posting articles discussing current affairs issues for a few months. However I am preparing some Q&A on different topics and am posting the same for any use they can be to you. So here goes...

This is a history quiz. Questions are taken from the NCERT textbook and Spectrum. Answers will be posted a day later. Send in your answers through comments and lets see how well you do. :)

This first quiz pertains to chapter 1 of NCERT- "India in the 18th century".

1. When was Delhi first occupied by British Forces?
2. When did Aurangzeb die?
3. During whose succession battle did nobles emerge as kingmakers?
4 What is 'Ijarah'?
5. The physical breakup of Mughal empire began with the rise of which successor state?
6. When did Nadir Shah invade India?
7. Period of Ahmad Shah Abdali's invasions?
8. Who was Ahmad Shah Abdali?
9. Which Indian rulers fought the East India Company at the Battle of Buxar?
10. What are 'succession states'?
11. Why did Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah give up the post of wazir of Mughal empire?
12. Match the Governors and Successor states
        a. Nizam ul Mulk Asaf Jah                                  1. Carnatic
        b. Nawab Saadatullah Khan                                2. Awadh and Allahabad
        c. Murshid Quli Khan and Alivardi Khan             3. Hyderabad
        d. Saadat Khan Burhan ul Mulk and Safdarjung   4. Bengal

13. What are 'Zij Muhammadshahi"?
14. What was the immediate reason that brought the Marathas in conflict with Ahamad Shah Abdali?


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    1. 1803 [In 1803 the East India Company’s forces led by Lord Lake captured Delhi after defeating the Daulat Rao Sindia’s troops (Daulat Rao was the successor of Mahadji) at the battle of Patparganj].- http://pd.cpim.org/2007/0617/06172007_1857.htm

    2. 1707 AD

    3. During the succession battle of Jahandar Shah (Aurangzeb's grandson) in 1712, Zulfikar Khan, the strongest noble, supported him and went on to become the Wazir.

    4. 'Ijarah' is revenue farming whereby the Mughal govt contracted with revenue farmers and middlment to pay the govt a fixed amount of money, while they were free to collect whatever they could from the peasant. This was a departure from Todar Mal's policy where a fixed land revenue was collected from the farmers.

    5. When Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah founded the state of Hyderabad in 1724.

    6. 1738-39 during Muhammad Shah's rule.

    7. 1748-1767. [He fought the 3rd Battle of Panipat with the Marathas in 1761].

    8.Ahmad Shah Abdali was a general of Nadir Shah who established control over Afghanistan after Nadir Shah's death.

    9.Shah Alam II, Mir Qasim of Bengal and Shuja-ud-Daulah of Awadh in 1764.

    10. 'Succession states' refer to those states that arose in the Mughal Empire after various nobles asserted their power and ruled over these areas almost independently. Although many of them continued to recognize the Mughal emperor and send tributes, they exercised total control over their state.

    11.Because his efforts at reforming the administration were being frustrated by the Emperor Muhammad Shah.

    12. A3, B1, C4, D2

    13. 'Zij Muhammadshahi' were astronomical tables prepared by Raja Sawai Jai Singh of Amber.

    14. The immediate reason was the expulsion of Abdali's agent Timur Shah Durrani, from Punjab by the Marathas in 1758.