Tuesday, 20 March 2012

History Quiz 4

This quiz pertains to the topic: "Administrative Organisation and Social and Cultural Policies of the British"

1. What were the three pillars of British administration?

2. Why was the Fort William College of Calcutta replaced by the East India College at Haileybury?

3. When did the Court of Directors loose the authority to appoint civil servants of EIC?

4. Why were Indians excluded from the higher ranks of the civil service?

5. What were the chief functions of the Indian army?

6. How could the British control India with an army composed mainly of Indians?

7. Cornwallis created which two services?

8. When was the first Law Commission set up and why?

9. Why did the British begin interfering in the Indians' social and cultural life?

10.What is 'colonial modernisation'?

11. WHo set up Calcutta Madarsa and Sanskrit college at Varanasi and why?

12. State True/False
      a. Macaulay's Minute of 1835 asked the GoI to promote mass education.
      b. Woods' Despatch 1854 argued for teaching in english as the Indian languages were 'insufficient'
      c. Woods' Despatch 1854 emphasized the need to promote education for females.
      d. Macaulay's Minute 1835 allowed privatisation of education.



    1. Army, Police and Civil Service

    2. The Fort William College at Calcutta was set up by Lord Wellesley in 1800 to train civil servants for the EIC. However his action was not approved by the Court of Directors who set up another college at Haileybury.

    3. The Charter Act of 1853 decreed that all civil servants will now be appointed through a competitive exam.

    4. Because:
    - The civil service's main aim was to protect and promote British interests. It was felt that Indians would not have the same empathy for British interests.
    - British prejudice that all Indians were corrupt.
    - The British upper classes wanted to keep the well-paying civil service positions for themselves.

    5. Chief functions of the army:
    - protect British possessions in India from internal rebellion.
    - protect British Indian territory from external aggression
    - fight British wars in Asia and Africa

    6. Reasons:
    - No feeling of nationalism among general people/soldiers
    - Indian soldiers were good mercenaries

    7.Indian Civil Service and Indian Police

    8. The Charter Act of 1833 provided for the establishment of a Law Commission to codify laws.

    9. Reasons:
    - belief that modernised Indians would be better consumers of British products
    - desire to emancipate people from social ills
    - pressure from missionaries who wanted to promote Christianity

    10. 'Colonial Modernisation' refers to partial modernisation which will convert people into better consumers of British and western products. Also the aim was to stop the colonised people from modernizing too much and creating problems for the colonial power. This type of modernisation's main purpose was to promote colonialism.

    11. Calcutta Madarsa was set up in 1781 by Warren Hastings, and Sanskrit College was set up by Jonathan Duncan in 1791. The aim of both was to train Indians to help in the British law courts and law administration.

    a. False. The Woods' Despatch argued for this.
    b. False. It was Macaulay's Minute which argued for this
    c. True.
    d. False. The Woods Despatch argued for this.

  2. ur blog is very helpful for upsc aspirants:)

  3. Thankyou Suhas :) So are you appearing for CSE 2012?


  4. I am givin interview on apr 13th...By Gods grace hopefully i dont hav to :):)

  5. Thats great- good luck to you. And yes hopefully you wont need to give CSE 2012 :)