Saturday, 17 March 2012

History Quiz 3

This quiz relates to the topic: 
"The Structure of Government and the Economic Policies of the British Empire in India, 1757-1857"

1. What were the main objectives of the Government of India in the period 1757-1857?

2. How did the rise of manufacturing class change British policies towards India?

3. Who devised the "Permanent Settlement"?

4. State True/False
(a) The Regulating Act 1773 created a Board of Control which would supervise the Court of Directors
(b) The Pitts India Act 1784 provided for a Governor-General and a council of 3 members to govern.
(c) The Charter Act 1813 ended the EIC's monopoly over trade with China and tea-trade.
(d) The Charter Act 1833 ended EIC's monopoly over trade with India.
(e) The Charter Act 1833 set up the Law Commission to codify laws.
(f) The Law Commission was headed by Lord Macaulay and its work contributed to forming the IPC, CrPC, CPC.

5. When did the EIC acquire Diwani rights to Bengal.

6. Why was the Battle of Buxar decisive for the British?

7. Who were the EIC's detractors in Britain?

8. What was the opportunity which initiated the reorganisation in Company and British Government relations?

9. Why did the Regulation Act 1773 break down in practice?

10. Why did the Indian rulers encourage the establishment of British factories in India?

11. What are "investments"?

12. When and where was the first telegraph line introduced in India?

13. What were some of the transport and communication innovations introduced/pioneered by Lord Dalhousie?

14. Who introduced Permanent Settlement in India?

15. Why did the British recognize Zamindars as proprietors of land?


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  2. 1. The main objectives of GoI in 1757-1857 were:
    - to increase EIC profits
    - enhance profitability of British possessions in India
    - to strengtehn hold over India
    - maintainence of law and order was prime function to ensure the above.

    2. The British EIC was a trading company which made profits from exporting Indian goods. The manufacturing class of Britan on the other hand would gained from exporting their finished goods and importing raw material from India and other colonies. Thus with the rise of the manufacturing class the pressure on EIC to change its trading policy to suit them increased. Also this class looked upon the EIC's trading monopoly as destructive/obstructive, so wanted to end that too.

    3.John Shore devised the Permanent Settlement, which was implemented by Lord Cornwallis as Governor General.

    4. (a)- False
    (b)- True
    (c)- False. The Charter Act 1813 ended EIC's trade monopoly with India
    (d)- False. The Charter Act 1833 ended EIC's trade monopoly with China and tea.
    (e)- True.
    (f)- True

    5. 1765. It first gained Diwani rights over 24 Parganas following the Battle of Plassey in 1757.

    6. Battle of Buxar was decisive because it firmly established Britain as masters of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and placed Awadh at their mercy.

    7. The detractors included
    -merchants who were kept out of the EIC envied the EIC's trade monopolies, ---------advocates of free-trade capitalism, and
    -political thinkers and statesmen because EIC was buying seats in teh British Parliament.

    8. The EIC asked the British govt for a loan of 1000000 pounds. It was agreed between the two parties that the company rule in India will be carried out to benefit the interests of the British upper-classes.

    9. Because: (a) it did not give the British govt clear and effective control over the Company.
    (b) it failed to resolve the conflict between the opponents of EIC and the EIC (coz the main opposition was to the Company's trade monopolies)

    10. Because the EIC exported Indian goods and this encouraged Indian manufacturing.

    11. "Investments" were Indian goods that were bought by the EIC out of the revenues of Bengal.

    12. in 1853 between Calcutta and Agra

    13. Dalhousie prepared a proposal advocating introduction of Railways in India. He also introduced postage stamps.

    14. Lord Cornwallis

    15. - to create a class who would be dependent on the British for their existence and thus loyal to them.
    - financial security as the revenue was paid on time.
    - the British expected this arrangement to help increase production and subsequently revenue.