Wednesday, 14 March 2012

History Quiz 2

This quiz pertains to the topic " European Penetration and British Conquest of India"

1. Why did the west-European states of Spain and Portugal look for sea-routes to India when there were perfectly functioning land-routes  via West-Asia?

2. When did Vasco Da Gama discover India?

3. Goa was captured by whom and when?

4. Why did Bombay supercede Surat as the East India Company (EIC) headquarter on the west coast in the 17th century?

5. Why was the Battle of Wandiwash decisive for the EIC ?

6. The Treaty of Salbai 1782 concluded which war?

7. What all did the 'subsidiary alliance' treaty imply?

8. Which Indian ruler was the first to sign a Subsidiary Treaty

9. Which Maratha king halted Wellesley's expansion plans?

10. What were the reasons behind the annexation of Sind in 1843?

11. Who were Mulraj Singh and Chattar Singh Attariwala?

12. What was the underlying motive behind Lord Dalhousie's annexation policy?

13. What were Dalhousie's annexation policies?

1 comment:


    1. Because the Italians controlled the trade between Europe and Asia and refused to give any share in this trade to the west-Europeans. Thus the latter explored sea-routes which would break the Italian-Arab trade monopolies and also bypass Turkish hostilities.
    Another point is that they were good at ship-building and navigation. And the Renaissance had generated a spirit of adventure.

    2. 1498

    3. Goa was captured by Alfonso d'Albuquerque in 1510

    4. Because Bombay was a big port that was easy to defend. This assumes importance because of the challenge posed by the rising Maratha powers to the British trade.

    5. The Battle of Wandiwash, 1760-63, was the second battle between the British and French and resulted in British victory. With this Bengal passed into English hands.
    English General Eyre Coot defeated French General Lally.
    Also the war ended in 1763 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

    6. The First Anglo-Maratha war.

    7. The Subsidiary Alliance treaty, introduced by Wellesley, involved the following:
    (a) The ruler had to accept the permanent stationing of a British force within his territory.
    (b) This British force had to be maintained by the ruler from his own revenues.
    (c) The ruler had to accept a British Resident at his court.
    (d) The ruler could not employ any other foreigner without British approval.
    (e) The ruler could not negotiate with any other Indian ruler without consulting the Governor General.
    (f) The British undertook to defend the ruler from enemies.

    8. The Nizam of Hyderabad was the first Indian ruler to sign the subsidiary alliance in 1798A.D.

    9.Yashwant Rao Holkar along with Raja of Bharatpur stoped Arthur Wellesley's expansion in 1805 and the Company signed the Treaty of Raighat in 1806.

    10. Reasons were:
    (a) Growing Anglo-Russian rivalry in Europe and Asia.
    (b) Consequently fears that Russia would attack India from the west.
    (c) Influence over Afghanistan and Persia would be easier if British controlled Sindh.
    (d)Commercial possibilities of Sindh river.

    11. They led revolts against the British domination of Punjab in 1848. Their revolt and subsequent defeat gave British an excuse to annex Punjab.Note that earlier the British had signed a subsidiary treaty with Punjab.

    12. (a) to improve penetration of British exports in India.
    (b) Dalhousie also believed that the Indian rulers had served their purpose of facilitating British expansion.

    13. (a) Doctrine of Lapse
    (b) Non-recognition and abolition of titles and pensions. (Nana Saheb)
    (c) Accusation of maladministration and misgovernance- Awadh