The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) is an institution independent of any sports organization which tries to facilitate the settlement of sports-related disputes through arbitration or mediation, by means of procedural rules adapted to the specific needs of the sports world. The arbitral awards have the same enforceability as judgements of ordinary courts.
The CAS was created in 1984 and is placed under the administrative and financial authority of the International Council of Arbitration for Sport (ICAS). The CAS head office is in Lausanne, Switzerland. Around 300 cases are registered by the CAS every year.
Any disputes directly or indirectly linked to sport may be submitted to the CAS. These may be disputes of a commercial nature (e.g. a sponsorship contract), or of a disciplinary nature following a decision by a sports organisation (e.g. a doping case).
India and CAS
India approached CAS when boxer Vikas Krishan was controversially eliminated in the Olympics. But CAS rejected the appeal saying that it was was not maintainable as there was no provision to contest the decision of AIBA's (International Amateur Boxing Association) Competition Jury which it said was final.
In 2011, the Indian Olympic Association also set up the Indian Court of Arbitration for Sports.