Thursday, 30 August 2012

Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

The landlocked mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia.
Map of Nagorno-KarabakhIn 1988, towards the end of Soviet rule, Azerbaijani troops and Armenian secessionists began a bloody war which left the de facto independent state in the hands of ethnic Armenians when a truce was signed in 1994.
Negotiations have so far failed to produce a permanent peace agreement, and the dispute remains one of post-Soviet Europe's "frozen conflicts."
In News because this was one of the tricky issues before the Tehran NAM Summit in August 2012. In May 2012, NAM adopted a final document, which reaffirms the importance of resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict  based on three internationally recognized principles - through negotiations, respect for Azerbaijan's territorial integrity and non-use of force.

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