Thursday, 30 August 2012


The P5+1 is a group of countries which in 2006 joined the diplomatic efforts with Iran in regard to its nuclear program. 
The term refers to the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany, namely ChinaFrance, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. 1
India supported the P5+1 dialogue process on the Iranian nuclear programme. India "underlined that this (P5+1 talks) would contribute positively to peace and security in the region." India has opposed Iran's nuclear weapons ambitions.2

In August 2012, the P5+1 (in Moscow) made Iran a very modest offer, including help with nuclear safety and a medical research reactor, in exchange for the bottom-line demand that Iran stop enriching fuel to 20 percent purity. The Iranians spurned the deal. A number of U.S. diplomats with long experience in Iran, including Nicholas Burns and Dennis Ross (of the George W. Bush and Obama administration, respectively) argue that negotiators must test Iran's bona fides by offering the country what it claims to want -- the right to enrich uranium for civilian purposes.3


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