Sunday, 12 August 2012

Class Formation among Tribals [Sociology]

Trivedi, Mridula: Social Mobility and Class Formation among the Bhils of Rajasthan.  Guru Nanak Journal of Sociology 28, 1 & 2 (2007): 46-56

While the non-tribal caste society has been and continues to remain hierarchical, tribal society was, until recently, strongly egalitarian. The change of Bhil tribal society from an egalitarian to a  hierarchical society in terms of the distribution of power and wealth is quite new. According to the author, the recent emergence of an elite class of rich Bhils has been due to a combination of factors, including the introduction of constitutional safeguards and protection measures, along with education and employment opportunities for tribals, and the expansion of agricultural capitalism. Along with the growing inequality among the tribal peoples has come a growing class awareness and formation of middle class identity as members of the tribal elite begin to merge into the mainstream society

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