Monday, 27 August 2012

Public Administration Questions: Administrative Thought and Public Policy

Heylo All,
Am sorry for being so utterly lazy in uploading these test questions. Actually taking photos of the answer keys and then compressing the pics and pasting it into a word doc was kinda boring. Sorry.
Well, but am posting  the questions. Check out the 'Quiz and Test' label for other question-papers.

Krishna Pradeep (Hyderabad) Test Questions 2012

a. Scientific Management was criticized by the workers for being exploitative. But Taylor was infact developing a socialist order.
b. (i) The administrative management theory was criticized for ignoring the human element in the organization.
    (ii) Classical theory was not oblivious of the human factor in the organization.
c. Follet's depersonalization of orders is not different from Taylor's mechanistic approach and Weber's idea of detached bureaucratic spirit.

a. Solitary and repetitive work done on a daily basis intensifies tendencies toward pessimistic or paranoid meditation and this, Mayo argues, is the single most important factor in productive efficiency. Explain. 30mks
b. Human Relations theory is the offshoot of administrative management theory and mother of behavioral theories. Explain. 30mks.

a. For Barnard, the executive work involved the specialized work of maintaining the organization in the operation. Executive is the most strategic factor in the organization. Comment. 30mks
b. Because the rationality of decision-makers is so limited by the human brain and organizational culture, decisions are rarely, if ever, optimal. If not optimal, then what are they? 30mks.

a.Because powerful political, social, economic and technological forces underlie bureaucracy, it follows that bureaucracy has power.But the power of bureaucracy comes clothed in clouds, curtained in fog, and cloaked in mist. Comment. 30mks.
b. It is often argued that Weber's Bureaucracy is not suitable to the needs of 21st century. However no alternative could root out bureaucracy. 30mks

a. Policy making and Policy-executing elite is able to act in an environment characterized by apathy and information distortion an thereby govern a largely passive mass.
b. Public policy-making is a hydraulic thesis, in which the policy is considered as a system of forces and pressures acting and reacting to one another.
c. It is a myth to consider that public policy reflect the general public opinion.

a. As an intellectual endeavour, rationalists try to learn all the value preferences extant in society, assign each value a relative weight, discover all the policy alternatives available, know all the consequences of each alternative, calculate how the selection of any one policy will affect the remaining alternatives in terms of opportunity costs, and ultimately select the policy  alternative that is the most efficient in terms of the costs and benefits of social values. Explain. 30mks.
b. Public strategic planning is the development, articulation, prioritizing and communication of significant policy goals by public and non-profit organizations. And the integration of these goals into the management, budgeting, and performance measurement systems of these organizations. Examine. 30mks.

7. Consider the following statements and analyse them:
(i) Rationalists want to improve public policy-making, and the incrementalists want to understand it.
(ii) The rationalists and incrementalists have lodged some arch accusations at each other.  30x2mks.

a. The managerial cosmology should meaningfully address itself to the understanding of the behaviour of manager, What are the implications to participative management? 20mks
b. Argyris' view that the organization will require people who are not threatened by, but actually value psychological success, self-esteem, self-responsibility and internal commitment. 20mks.
c. Participative management is not always functional. Comment. 20mks.

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